FAQs & Research
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a type of metabolism disorder. Most of the food we eat is broken down into glucose, which is the main source of fuel for our body. After food is digested, glucose passes into the bloodstream where it is used for growth, but in order for the glucose to enter into the cells, insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, must be present. However with Diabetes the pancreas is producing little or no insulin so the cells are not able to receive glucose. Glucose then builds up in the blood, overflows in the urine, and then passes out the body. Because the body is losing large amounts of glucose it is unable to stay health.
What are the types of Diabetes?
There are three main types of Diabetes, they are:
- Type I Diabetes, also known as type 1 diabetes- this is an autoimmune disease. This happens when the immune system turns against the body. In diabetes, the immune system attacks the insulin producing cells in the pancreas and kills them. This is the most common type found in young children.
- Type II Diabetes, also know as Adult Onset Diabetes-this is the most common type of diabetes in older individuals. Type II diabetes happens when the pancreas is producing enough insulin, but for unknown reasons the body does not respond to the insulin effectively and therefore the body is unable to receive energy.
- Gestational Diabetes-develops during pregnancy. It often will disappear after delivery but the mother is at an increased risk for developing type II diabetes later in life.
Who gets diabetes?
Anyone can get diabetes. Diabetes is not contagious. People cannot “catch” it from each other, however it can strike children and teens suddenly. Type I diabetes is the most costly, chronic disease of childhood and one will never outgrow it.
What are the warning signs of diabetes?
Symptoms will include, increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, rapid weight loss, blurred vision, extreme fatigue, frequent infections, slow healing wounds or sores, and if untreated a person can lapse into a life-treating diabetic coma, also know as Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
How many people have diabetes?
Over21 million people have the disease and of these3 million are type 1 diabetics.
How many children are affected by Type I diabetes?
Each and every day over 30 children are diagnosed with diabetes.
What damage can diabetes do?
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, adult blindness, non-traumatic amputations, nerve damage, stroke, and heart attacks. It also decreases the life expectance of people by 15 years.
How can I take care of my diabetes?
The first and most important rule is to listen to your doctor and follow their advice about trying to keep your blood sugar in that range that is best for you. Also it is very important to eat healthy food, exercise regularly, take your medicine every day, and test your blood sugar often.
What is JDRF?
JDRF is the number one nonprofit, nongovernmental contributor to the research of diabetes worldwide and has a main focus to cure type I diabetes.
What research does JDRF do?
JDRFs main focus their research ways of restoring major blood sugar, preventing and reversing diabetes related complications, diabetes prevention and recurrence.
Where can I go to get more information on JDRF or to help contribute?
Visit our website at www.jdrf.org